Introduction and General Statement
The Prevent Policy for Solvo Vir reflects the importance of our responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all our apprentices and staff by protecting them from physical, sexual or emotional abuse, neglect and bullying. We are committed to providing a caring, friendly and safe environment for all our apprentices so that they can learn in a relaxed and secure atmosphere. We believe every apprentice should be able to participate in all learning and social activities in an enjoyable and safe environment and be protected from harm.
Solvo Vir have a statutory requirement under Sections 27 and 47 of the Children Act 1989 to assist the Local Authority Social Services Department acting on behalf of children in need. Solvo Vir will safeguard and promote the welfare of children in compliance with the DfE guidance Keeping Children Safe in Education (September 2016) and associated guidance Working Together to Safeguard Children (July 2018). Solvo Vir also complies with The Prevent Duty (The Counter-Terrorism and Security Act June 2015) and Social Media for Online Radicalisation (July 2015) and this Prevent Policy should be read in conjunction with these procedures and guidance.
At Solvo Vir, all employees are expected to uphold and promote the fundamental British Values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.
The principle objectives of this policy are that:
- All staff will understand what radicalisation and extremism are and why we need to be vigilant.
- All apprentices and staff will know that Solvo Vir has policies in place to keep them safe from harm and that Solvo Vir regularly reviews its systems to ensure they are appropriate and effective.
- Staff are fully engaged in being vigilant about raising awareness
- Staff overcome professional disbelief that such issues will not happen at Solvo Vir
- Ensure that we work alongside other professional bodies and agencies to ensure that our apprentices and staff are safe from harm
Solvo Vir’s curriculum promotes respect, tolerance, and diversity. Apprentices and staff are encouraged to share their views and recognise that they are entitled to have their own different beliefs which should not be used to influence others. It is recognised that apprentices or staff with low aspirations are more vulnerable to radicalisation and, therefore, we strive to equip our apprentices and staff with confidence, self-belief, respect and tolerance as well as setting high standards and expectations for themselves.
Apprentices and staff are briefed during induction about how to stay safe when using the internet and are encouraged to recognise that people are not always who they say they are online. They are taught to seek help if they are upset or concerned about anything they read or see on the internet. Inappropriate websites are banned and cannot be accessed from Solvo Vir premises.
Solvo Vir staff, contractors, associates and volunteers will undertake appropriate monitored training to ensure that they are clear about their role and the parameters of their responsibilities including their statutory safeguarding duties. Through various training opportunities within Solvo Vir, we will ensure that our staff are fully aware of the threats, risks and vulnerabilities that are linked to radicalisation; are aware of the process of radicalisation and how this might be identified early on.
The Prevent duty requires the education sector to have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”, supporting terrorism or being drawn into non-violent extremism. Prevent aims to safeguard vulnerable individuals (both adults and children) who may be at risk of potentially becoming involved in terrorist activities. It also aims to support institutions, such as schools, colleges and universities where this may happen. All frontline staff have a responsibility to report any instances where they think they have identified a Safeguarding issue to their Designated Safeguarding Officer.
The Designated Safeguarding Officers in Solvo Vir are:
Shaun Allsop, Lead IQA
Tel: 07718 425 886
Holly Broady, IQA
Tel: 07860 854 137
Counter-Terrorism and Security Act
Sect 26 CTS Act places a duty on certain bodies to have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.
Guidance is issued under Section 29 of the Act:
- Respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism and the threat we face from those who promote it
- Prevent people from being drawn into terrorism and ensure that they are given appropriate advice and support
- Work with sectors and institutions where there are risks of radicalisation that we need to address
All Solvo Vir staff have a legal responsibility under the Prevent Duty to make sure that:
- They have undertaken training in the Prevent Duty as identified by their management
- They are aware of when it is appropriate to refer concerns about learners to the Prevent officer, usually the provider’s Safeguarding officer
- They exemplify British Values of “democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs” into their practice
The Prevent Strategy will specifically, respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism and the threat we face from those who promote it and Prevent people from being drawn into terrorism and ensure that they are given appropriate advice and support and work with sectors and institutions where there are risks of radicalisation which we need to address.
Solvo Vir monitors risks and is ready to deal appropriately with issues which arise. It will do this through:
- Understanding the nature of the threat from violent extremism and how this may impact directly or indirectly on Solvo Vir
- Understanding and managing potential risks within training and from external influences
- Responding appropriately to events in local, national or international news that may impact on students and communities
- Ensuring measures are in place to minimise the potential for acts of violent extremist within training i.e. Engaging Young People, Building Resilience ‘Prevent’ funded Project.
- Ensuring plans are in place to respond appropriately to a threat or incident within training
- Developing effective Cyber Security and responsible user policies
What is CONTEST?
CONTEST is the Government’s Counter Terrorism Strategy, published in July 2006 and refreshed in March 2009. The aim of the strategy is ‘to reduce the risk from international terrorism, so that people can go about their lives freely and with confidence.’
CONTEST has four strands, often known as the four Ps. The aims of the 4 Ps are:
- PREVENT – to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting violent extremism
- PURSUE – to stop terrorist attacks through disruption, investigation and detection
- PREPARE – where an attack cannot be stopped, to mitigate its impact
- PROTECT – to strengthen against terrorist attack, including borders, utilities, transport infrastructure and crowded places
What is Terrorism?
An action that endangers or causes serious violence to a person/people, causes serious damage to property or seriously interferes or disrupts an electronic system. The use of threat must be designed to influence the Government or to intimidate the public and is made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause.
What is radicalisation?
Radicalisation is defined as the act or process of making a person more radical or favouring of extreme or fundamental changes in political, economic or social conditions, institutions or habits of the mind.
People can be drawn into violence or they can be exposed to the messages of extremist groups by many means. The risk of radicalisation is the product of a number of factors and identifying this risk requires that staff exercise their professional judgement, seeking further advice as necessary. It may be combined with other vulnerabilities or may be the only risk identified.
Potential indicators include:
- Use of inappropriate language
- Possession of violent extremist literature
- Behavioural changes
- The expression of extremist views
- Advocating violent actions and means
- Association with known extremists
- Seeking to recruit others to an extremist ideology
What is Extremism?
Extremism is defined as the holding of extreme political or religious views. At Solvo Vir, we are fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of all learners and staff. We recognise that safeguarding against extremism is no different from safeguarding against any other vulnerability.
The Government has defined extremism as “vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs”. This also includes calls for the death of members of the British armed forces.
The Government has defined extremism as “vocal or active opposition to fundamental British Values”, which include:
- Individual liberty
- Rule of law
- Mutual respect
- Tolerance of different faiths and beliefs
This includes not discriminating against those with protected characteristics (Equality Act 2010), namely:
- Gender reassignment
- Marriage and civil partnership
- Pregnancy and maternity
- Religion and belief
- Sexual orientation
What is Channel?
Channel is an early intervention multi-agency process designed to safeguard vulnerable people from being drawn into violent extremist or terrorist behaviour. Channel works in a similar way to existing safeguarding partnerships aimed at protecting vulnerable people.
Who does Channel work with?
Channel is designed to work with individuals of any age who are at risk of being exploited by extremist or terrorist ideologues. The process is shaped around the circumstances of each person and can provide support for any form of radicalisation or personal vulnerabilities.
How does Channel work?
Each Channel Panel is chaired by a local authority and brings together a range of multi-agency partners to collectively assess the risk and can decide whether a support package is needed. The group may include statutory and non-statutory partners, as well as lead safeguarding professionals. If the group feels the person would be suitable for Channel, it will look to develop a package of support that is bespoke to the person. The partnership approach ensures those with specific knowledge and expertise around the vulnerabilities of those at risk are able to work together to provide the best support.
What does Channel support look like?
Channel interventions are delivered through local partners and specialist agencies. The support may focus on a person’s vulnerabilities around health, education, employment or housing, as well as specialist mentoring or faith guidance and broader diversionary activities such as sport. Each support package is tailored to the person and their particular circumstances.
How will the person be involved in this process?
A person will always be informed first if it’s felt that they would benefit from Channel support. The process is voluntary, and their consent would be needed before taking part in the process. This process is managed carefully by the Channel Panel.
Who can make a referral?
Anyone can make a referral. Referrals come from a wide range of partners including education, health, youth offending teams, police and social services.
What happens with the referral?
Referrals are first screened for suitability through a preliminary assessment by the Channel Coordinator and the local authority. If suitable, the case is then discussed at a Channel panel of relevant partners to decide if support is necessary. Raising a concern If you believe that someone is vulnerable to being exploited or radicalised, please use the established safeguarding or duty of care procedures within your organisation to escalate your concerns to the appropriate leads, who can raise concerns to Channel if appropriate.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is illegal in England and Wales under the FGM Act 2003 (“the 2003 Act”). It is a form of child abuse and violence against women. FGM comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons.
The FGM mandatory reporting duty is a legal duty provided for in the FGM Act 2003 (as amended by the Serious Crime Act 2015). The legislation requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wales to make a report to the police where, in the course of their professional duties, they either:
- Are informed by a girl under 18 that an act of FGM has been carried out on her; or
- Observe physical signs which appear to show that an act of FGM has been carried out on a girl under 18 and they have no reason to believe that the act was necessary for the girl’s physical or mental health or for purposes connected with labour or birth
For the purposes of the duty, the relevant age is the girl’s age at the time of the disclosure/identification of FGM (i.e. it does not apply where a woman aged 18 or over discloses she had FGM when she was under 18). Complying with the duty does not breach any confidentiality requirement or other restriction on disclosure which might otherwise apply.
The duty is a personal duty which requires the individual professional who becomes aware of the case to make a report; the responsibility cannot be transferred. The only exception to this is if you know that another individual from your profession has already made a report; there is no requirement to make a second.
Reports under the duty should be made as soon as possible after a case is discovered, and best practice is for reports to be made by the close of the next working day, unless any of the factors described below are present. You should act with the same urgency required in the Solvo Vir safeguarding process.
A longer timeframe than the next working day may be appropriate in exceptional cases where, for example, a professional has concerns that a report to the police is likely to result in an immediate safeguarding risk to the child (or another child, e.g. a sibling) and considers that consultation with colleagues or other agencies is necessary prior to the report being made.
If you think you are dealing with such a case, you are strongly advised to consult your Designated Safeguarding Officer, as soon as practicable, and to keep a record of any decisions made. It is important to remember that the safety of the girl is the priority.
It is recommended that you make a report orally by calling 101, the single non-emergency number.
You should be prepared to provide the call handler with the following information:
- Explain that you are making a report under the FGM mandatory reporting duty
- Your details: Name, contact details (work telephone number and e-mail address) and times when you will be available to be called back, job role, place of work
- Details of your organisation’s designated safeguarding lead: name, contact details (work telephone number and e-mail address), place of work
- The girl’s details: name, age/date of birth, address
Throughout the process, you should ensure that you keep a comprehensive record of any discussions held and subsequent decisions made, in line with standard safeguarding practice. This will include the circumstances surrounding the initial identification or disclosure of FGM, details of any safeguarding actions which were taken, and when and how you reported the case to the police (including the case reference number). You should also ensure that your Designated Safeguarding Officers are kept updated as appropriate.
In line with safeguarding best practice, you should contact the girl and/or her parents or guardians as appropriate to explain the report, why it is being made, and what it means. Wherever possible, you should have this discussion in advance of/in parallel to the report being made. However, if you believe that telling the child/parents about the report may result in a risk of serious harm to the child or anyone else, or of the family fleeing the country, you should not discuss it.
FGM is child abuse, and employers and the professional regulators are expected to pay due regard to the seriousness of breaches of the duty.